India-European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

Context : India signed a free trade pact on March 10 with a group of European nations — Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein — committing to reduce tariffs, while New Delhi will receive $100 billion in investments over the next 15 years. Historical Background of EFTA Importance and Structure India- EFTA relations Key Features of Free Trade … Read more

Kaladan Multimodal Project

Context : K. Vanlalvena, a member of Rajya Sabha from the Mizo National Front (MNF) was driven around 10 kilometres inside the Chin state where he inspected the condition of the Kaladan Multi Modal Transit Transport Project (KMMTTP), which is supported by the Ministry of External Affairs, and was hosted by a commander of the … Read more

India – Sri Lanka Relationship

Three years after objecting to a Chinese energy project in northern Sri Lanka, barely 50 km off Tamil Nadu’s coast, India is set to implement a hybrid power project in three islands off Jaffna peninsula with a $11-million grant. Historical Background Post-Independence Era Economic Collaboration: Strategic Partnership Development Cooperation: Cultural and People-to-People Ties: Support during … Read more

India – Israel – Palestine Relationship

History of India- Israel ties: Post-Independence Period Post Emergency period Why was India’s diplomatic policy leaned towards Palestine in the initial years?  Shifts in India’s Palestine Policy Did establishment of diplomatic relations with Israel alter India’s support for the Palestinians?  Emerging Military Ties with Israel during the Kargil War Ties in the present scenario Closeness … Read more

Relationship between India and Bhutan

Context : China and Bhutan this week held the first meeting of the newly set-up joint technical team on the delimitation of their disputed boundary, as officials from both sides met for four days in China and agreed to speed up a boundary resolution. Background of India Bhutan Relationship Significance of Bhutan for India Treaty … Read more

Global Value Chain and Global Supply Chain – Indian Perspective

Context : Trade and Investment Ministers of G20 nations, which together generate 75% of the world’s trade flows, agreed to map global value chains, integrate small businesses with them and ease trade documentation. But a comprehensive communiqué remained elusive on the thorny issue of the war in Ukraine as China and Russia blocked a paragraph … Read more

Relationship Between India and Greece for UPSC Civil Services Exam

India – Greece Relationship Context : India and Greece agreed to upgrade bilateral ties to the level of strategic partnership. Announcing the decision in Athens, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the two countries will collaborate in the field of defence and will soon conclude an agreement on migration mobility to smoothen movement of skilled population … Read more

Indus Water Treaty

Context: New Delhi has issued a notice to Islamabad seeking modification of the more than six-decade-old Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) that governs the sharing of waters of six rivers in the Indus system between the two countries. New Delhi said the notice follows Pakistan’s continued “intransigence” in implementing the treaty, by raising repeated objections to … Read more

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