PIB Analysis for UPSC CSE
- ANIC ARise
- One District One Product
- Initiatives under Ease of Doing Business and Reducing Compliance Burden
- Key Features of Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan
- Facts for Prelims
1 . ANIC ARise 1.0
PIB Release – https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1847770
Context: Six start-ups has been selected and supported by ISRO with a grant-in-aid of maximum of Rs 50 lakhs each in areas like geo spatial information, propulsion and Robotics/ AR/VR under ARISE-Atal New India Challenge (ANIC) Program.
About the Aatmanirbhar Bharat ARISE-ANIC program
- ISRO along with Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Aayog launched ARISE-ANIC program that aims to seek, select, support and nurture technology-based innovations that solve sectoral challenges of national importance.
- The Aatmanirbhar Bharat ARISE-ANIC program is a national initiative to promote research & innovation and increase competitiveness of Indian startups and MSMEs.
- The Aatmanirbhar Bharat ARISE-ANIC program is in line with the “Make in India”, “Startup India”, “Aatmanirbhar Bharat” to fast track the growth of the Indian MSME sector.
- The objective of Aatmanirbhar Bharat ARISE-ANIC program is to proactively collaborate with esteemed Ministries and the associated industries to catalyse research, innovation and facilitate innovative solutions to sectoral problems. The objective is also to provide a steady stream of innovative products & solutions where the Central Government Ministries / Departments will become the potential first buyers.
- It has been launched in two phases:
- ANIC-ARISE-1.0 has following three space sector challenges to get project proposals from start-ups: (i) geo spatial information, (ii) propulsion and (iii) Robotics/ Augmented Reality/Virtual Reality.
- ANIC-ARISE-2.0 has been launched with four space sector challenges: (i) GIS solutions, (ii) Propulsion, (iii) Navigation & (iv) AI/ML modelling for space applications, seeking project proposals from start-ups in these areas.
- Selected start-ups will be supported with a grant-in-aid of maximum of INR 50 lakhs each.
- The programme will be driven by ISRO and four ministries—Ministry of Defence; Ministry of Food Processing Industries; Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; and Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
2. One District One Product initiative
PIB Release – https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1847863
Context: State Export Promotion Committees (SEPCs) and District Export Promotion Committees (DEPCs) have been constituted in 36 States/UTs under One District One Product (ODOP) initiative.
About the initiative
- The Central Government has initiated the One District One Product (ODOP) in different States/UTs of the country.
- ODOP is seen as a transformational step towards realizing the true potential of a district, fueling economic growth, generating employment and rural entrepreneurship, taking us to the goal of Aatmanirbhar Bharat.
- ODOP initiative is operationally merged with ‘Districts as Export Hub (DEH)’ initiative of the DGFT, Department of Commerce, with the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) as a major stakeholder.
- The ODOP Initiative is aimed at fostering balanced regional development across all districts of the country enabling holistic socio-economic growth across all regions.
- The objective is to convert each District of the country into a manufacturing and Export Hub by identifying products with export potential in the District.
- The scheme adopts the One District One Product (ODOP) approach to reap the benefit of scale in terms of procurement of inputs, availing common services and marketing of products. ODOP for the scheme will provide the framework for value chain development and alignment of support infrastructure.
- There may be more than one cluster of ODOP products in one district. There may be a cluster of ODOP products consisting of more than one adjacent district in a State.
- ODOP/DEH initiatives contribute to the goal of AtmaNirbhar Bharat, Vocal for local and Make in India, by providing opportunities for employment, through significantly increasing the manufacturing and exports of identified products.
- Institutional mechanism in the form of State Export Promotion Committees (SEPCs) and District Export Promotion Committees (DEPCs) have been constituted in 36 States/UTs to provide support for export promotion and address the bottlenecks for export growth in the districts.
- Districts Export Action Plans are prepared for identified products and services for overseas markets, which includes specific actions required to support local exporters /manufacturers in producing/manufacturing identified products in adequate quantity and with the requisite quality, for reaching potential buyers.
- These plans also include identifying and addressing challenges for exports of such identified products/services, improving supply chains, market accessibility and handholding for increasing exports. So far, in about 557 districts, export plans have been prepared and in about 218 have been adopted by DEPCs.
- Products have been identified under ODOP and DEH across each district in the country. The range of the chosen products covers multiple sectors, Ministries and Departments, including products of farmers, weavers, artisans, other producers and sellers of districts.
- State-wise/district-wise list of products is identified under ‘District as Export Hub’ initiative.
3. RIMPAC 2022 & INS Satpura
PIB Release – https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1848148
Context: INS Satpura entered Pearl Harbour in Hawaii, USA on 02 Aug 22 on completion of the sea phase of RIMPAC-22, a multilateral exercise conducted over 22 days off Hawaii, USA. The ship participated in Anti-Submarine, Anti-Ship and Anti-Air Warfare exercises with multi-national navies in the Pacific Ocean during the sea phase apart from undertaking cross-deck landings of Indian Naval helicopter on foreign warships and replenishment at sea.
- RIMPAC (Rim of the Pacific), started in 1971, is one of the largest biennial multilateral naval exercises conducted by USA.
- It is aimed at enhancing interoperability and building trust among Navies of likeminded foreign countries.
- Following RIMPAC’s 2022 theme of “Capable Adaptive Partners”, RIMPAC forces exercised a wide range of capabilities, projecting the inherent flexibility of maritime forces and helping to promote a free and open Indo-Pacific.
- The exercise this year, witnessed participation from 26 countries, including India, comprising 38 surface ships, 09 land forces, 31 unmanned systems, 170 aircraft and over 2,500 personnel.
- The exercise witnessed the participation of an aircraft carrier battle group, submarines, maritime reconnaissance aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, remotely piloted surface ships and also an amphibious force landing operation including joint operations with Special Forces of multinational navies.
India in RIMPAC 2022:
- Indian Navy’s INS Satpura participated in the exercise this year.
- The ship participated in Anti-Submarine, Anti-Ship and Anti-Air Warfare exercises with multi-national navies in the Pacific Ocean during the sea phase apart from undertaking cross-deck landings of Indian Naval helicopter on foreign warships and replenishment at sea.
- INS Satpura’s participation in RIMPAC-22, 9000 Nautical Miles away from Indian coast stands testimony to the Indian Navy’s capability to operate in any part of the world.
- INS Satpura is an indigenously designed and built 6000 tonnes guided missile stealth frigate.
- The ship is a part of the Eastern Fleet based at Visakhapatnam and has been tasked for a long-range operational deployment in the 75th year of India’s Independence.
4. Initiatives under Ease of Doing Business and Reducing Compliance Burden
Initiatives under Ease of Doing Business and Reducing Compliance Burden
- Udyam Registration (UR) Portal has been developed to provide fully online, paperless and transparent MSME registration process. No documents or proof are required to be uploaded for registering MSMEs. Only Aadhaar Number and Permanent Account Number (PAN) is enough for registration. PAN and Goods & Services Tax (GST)-linked details on investment and turnover of enterprises are taken automatically from Government databases.
- Digital Payments have been introduced to pass on the benefits of the schemes of Ministry of MSME through digital payment gateway.
- MSME SAMBANDH Portal has been developed which helps in monitoring the implementation of Public Procurement Policy for micro and small enterprises.
- MSME SAMADHAAN Portal has been developed which helps in empowering micro and small entrepreneurs across the country to register their cases relating to delayed payments.
- CHAMPIONS Portal has been developed for speedy redressal of grievances.
- Government e-Marketplace (GeM) has been directed to further facilitate online procurement of common use Goods and Services, required by various Government Departments/Organizations/CPSEs, from MSMEs.
5 . Key Features of Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan
Key Features of Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan
- Universalising access to quality education by provision for new/ upgradation of schools from pre-primary to senior secondary level and strengthening of existing schools including provision of barrier free access for Divyang children. Addition of new subjects instead of Streams in existing senior secondary schools.
- Support for mainstreaming of out of school children extended from elementary level to children in the age group of 16-19 years through open schooling.
- Provision of upgradation of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) to provide residential and schooling facilities upto Class-XII. Provision of Incinerator and sanitary pad vending machines in all girls’ hostels.
- Provision of free textbooks to all children and free uniforms to all girls, SC, ST and BPL boys at elementary level including primers/textbooks for tribal languages with bridging materials.
- Transport facility extended to secondary level @ upto ₹ 6000 per annum, for children in difficult sparsely populated areas.
- Residential schools/hostels named Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Avasiya Vidyalayas in hilly terrain, small and sparsely populated areas for children without adult protection who are in need of shelter and care.
- Provision of upto₹ 500 per child per annum for Teaching Learning Materials, indigenous toys and games, play based activities for pre-primary sections in Government Schools.
- Support for NIPUN Bharat Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy through provision of TLM upto ₹ 500 per child per annum, ₹150 per teacher for teacher manuals and resources, ₹ 10-20 lakh per district for assessment, Teacher training on FLN.
- Provision for qualitative and innovative interventions such as Holistic Progress Card (HPC), sports grant, library grant, composite school grant, teacher training, strengthening of TEIs, assessment cell, Bagless days, school complexes, internships with local artisans, curriculum and pedagogical reforms etc.
- Self-Defence training for girls under ‘Rani Laxmibai Atma Raksha Prashikshan’ and amount for the same has been increased from ₹ 3000 to ₹ 5000 per month.
- Provision of upto₹ 3500 per child with special needs, per year, studying in government, government aided and local body schools for aids and appliances, teaching material, home based education etc.
- Separate provision of stipend for CWSN girls @ ₹ 200 per month for 10 months, in addition to student component from pre-primary to senior secondary level.
- Annual identification camps for CWSN at block level @₹ 10000 per camp and equipping of Block Resource centres for rehabilitation and special training of CWSN, and training of special educators & Block Resource Persons.
- Academic support of BRCs and CRCs extended for pre-primary and secondary level.
- Enhanced emphasis on convergence with Skills and other Government departments/agencies undertaking development works for providing exposure and internships to children on different vocations.
- Support under Vocational Education extended to Government aided schools also in addition to Government Schools and grant/number of job roles/sections linked to enrolment and demand.
- Provision of Classroom cum workshop for Vocational Education in schools serving as Hub for other schools in the neighbourhood. Provision of transport and assessment cost for schools serving as spokes.
- Provision of ICT labs, Smart classrooms including support for digital boards, virtual classrooms and DTH channels.
- Child tracking for tracking the learning level of children for students of Government and Government aided schools.
- Support States & UTs for implementation of provisions of RTE Act including reimbursement under Section 12(1) (c) of the Act.
6. Facts for Prelims
Bharatnet project – https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1847830
- BharatNet project is mission to provide broadband connectivity to all the Gram Panchayats of the country.
- The objective is to facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, Internet and other services to rural India.
- It is implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Ltd. (BBNL), a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) set up by the Government of India under the Companies Act, 1956
- The scope of BharatNet project has recently been extended up to all inhabited villages beyond GPs in the country, with the completion timeline as 2025
Jagriti Mascot – https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1847881
- Under the provisions of the Consumer Protection Act, 2019, a consumer can file consumer complaint in Consumer Commission of appropriate jurisdiction offline or online using e-Daakhil portal.
- The Act prescribes that every complaint shall be disposed of as expeditiously as possible, and endeavour shall be made to decide the complaint within a period of three months from the date of receipt of notice by opposite party, where the complaint does not require analysis or testing of commodities and within five months if it requires analysis or testing of commodities.
- Department of Consumer Affairs has generated consumer awareness under “JagoGrahakJago” Campaign among all the consumers of the country through video spots and other material on issues.
- Recently, the Department of Consumer Affairs has launched “Jagriti”, a mascot for empowering consumers and generating awareness of their rights. “Jagriti” is projected as an empowered young consumer.
- The Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education launched a National Mission to improve learning outcomes at the Elementary level through an Integrated Teacher Training Programme called NISHTHA – National Initiative for School Heads’ and Teachers’ Holistic Advancement in 2019.
- The aim of this integrated teacher training programme was to build the capacities of elementary teachers and Heads of Schools, faculty members of SCERTs and DIETs and Block Resource Coordinators and Cluster Resource Coordinators.
- In view of the COVID pandemic, ‘NISHTHA-Online was launched in 2020 and the remaining training of NISHTHA at elementary level was conducted online by the NCERT on the DIKSHA platform using high quality professionally made e-content.
- In 2021-22, NISHTHA has been extended to Foundational Literacy and Numeracy and secondary level, for Pre-primary, Primary and Secondary level teachers with a focus on improvement in quality of teachers and learning outcomes of students.
- NISHTHA 2.0 (Secondary Level) – online on DIKSHA for secondary/senior secondary level teachers.
- NISHTHA 3.0 – Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) in online mode on DIKSHA platform for teachers and school heads of pre-primary to class V.
- Diammonium phosphate (DAP) is the world’s most widely used phosphorus fertilizer. It’s made from two common constituents in the fertilizer industry, and its relatively high nutrient content and excellent physical properties make it a popular choice in farming and other industries.
Swachh Sagar, Surakshit Sagar
- The “Swachh Sagar, Surakshit Sagar/Clean Coast Safe Sea “campaign is a 75-day citizen-led campaign for improving ocean health through collective action. The campaign started on July 5th, 2022 and has 3 strategic underlying goals that target transformation and environmental conservation through behavior change.
- The three underlying goals of the campaign are to 1. Consume Responsibly 2. Segregate waste at home and 3. Dispose Responsibly.