PIB Analysis : February 1, 2 and 3

PIB Analysis for UPSC CSE

Topics Covered

  1. Committee under Niti Aayog to be set -up to complete task of identifying De-Notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities
  2. Vision 2030
  3. Bharat Rang
  4. Know India Programme

Note : Budget covered under Daily Current Affairs

1 . Committee under Niti Aayog to complete task of identifying De-Notified Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities

Context : A Committee under NITI Aayog will be set-up to complete the task of identifying De-notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic communities not yet formally classified

Who are De notified Nomadic and Semi-nomadic tribes

  • Denotified Tribes – Denotified Tribes are the tribes that were listed originally under the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871, as Criminal Tribes and “addicted to the systematic commission of non-bailable offences. Once a tribe became “notified” as criminal, all its members were required to register with the local magistrate, failing which they would be charged with a “crime” under the Indian Penal Code. The Criminal Tribes Act of 1952 repealed the notification, i.e. ‘de-notified’ the tribal communities.
  • Nomadic Tribes – Nomadic tribes are tribes with no settled home they move from place to place as a way of obtaining food, finding pasture for livestock, or otherwise making a living
  • Semi-Nomadic Tribes – Semi-nomads are those who are on the move but return to a fixed habitations once a year, mainly for occupational reasons.

Past commissions

National Commission for Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes (Renke Comission)

  • The Commission was first was set up on 22 November 2003 and reconstituted on 16 March 2005 as the earlier commission could not make much headway for a number of reasons. Mr. Balkrishna Sidram Renke
  • The Commission submitted its report on 2 July 2008 making several recommendations, which include that same reservations as available to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes be extended to around 11 crore people of denotified and nomadic or semi-nomadic tribes in India; it is also recommended that the provisions of the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 be applicable to these tribes as well.

Idate Commission

  • The commission was constituted in January 2015 for a three-year temporary term, following which it had to submit its report identifying these communities state-wise, assessing their development status, and recommending ways to uplift them.
  • The commission has recommended giving protection to Denotified Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes the communities under the Atrocities Act.
  • The Idate Commission has recommended a Constitutional amendment so that Scheduled NT/ DNT/ SNT can be added as a third category after Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Act.
  • The report states the government should provide strong legal protections and constitutional safeguards, including the extension of the Protection of Atrocities Act to the NT/ DNT/ SNT communities by creating a separate Third schedule as Scheduled De-notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes.
  • In its report, the commission has noted that entire communities were branded as criminals under the colonial rule through enforcement of the Criminal Tribes Act, 1871. Despite repeal of the Act after Independence, subsequent legislations have forcibly alienated them from their traditional occupations and habitations.

2 . Vision 2030

Context : The Government has unveiled its vision for the next decade, listing thereby ten most important dimensions in 2030. India is poised to become a five trillion dollar economy in the next five years and aspires to become 10 trillion dollar economy

The dimensions of Vision-2030

  1. To create physical and social infrastructure for ten trillion dollar economy and to provide ease of living.
  2. Digital India led by the youths with innumberable start-ups and million of jobs.
  3. To make India pollution free by focusing on Electrical Vehicles and renewables.
  4. Rural industrailisation using modern technologies to generate massive employment.
  5. Clean rivers, with safe drinking water to all Indians and efficient use of water in irrigation using micro-irrigation techniques.
  6. Besides scaling up Sagarmala, India’s coastline and ocean waters will power development
  7. Through our space programme – Gaganyaan, India becoming the launch-pad of satellites for the World
  8. Self sufficiency in food production and producing food in the most organic way.
  9. A healthy India by 2030 and a distress free health care and wellness system for all. Ayushman Bharat and women participation would be an important component in it.
  10. Employees working with elected Government, transforming India into Minimum Government Maximum Governance nation.

3 . Bharat Rang

Context : 20th Bharat Rang Mahotsav inaugurated in New Delhi

  • The 20th edition of Bharat Rang Mahotsav (BRM), the international theatre festival of India, is organized by National School of Drama (NSD), one of the prominent training institutions in the world. 
  • The National School of Drama (NSD) is an autonomous institution under the Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India.
  • The 20th BRM comes with 111 national and international acts in its basket that includes folk and other traditional theatre forms, invitee plays, and productions by the students of the National School of Drama.
  • Bharat Rang Mahotsav was established two decade ago by the National School of Drama to stimulate the growth and development of theatre across the country.
  • Originally a national festival showcasing the work of the most creative theatre workers in India, it has evolved to international scope, hosting theatre companies from around the world, and is now the largest theatre festival of Asia

4 . Know My India Programme

Context : The National Foundation for Communal Harmony (NFCH) is organizing a special workshop for 42 Youth in the age group of 15 to 22 years, who have been victims of communal violence in the past, under the Know My India Programme beginning in Bengaluru tomorrow. The Youth come from 6 states including Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Bihar and Gujarat along with 10 official mentors.

About Know My India Programme

  • Know My India Programme is a unique programme initiated by the NFCH to bring together financially assisted children of the Foundation from different States/Regions of the country to promote oneness, fraternity and national integration.
  • The programme is all about familiarization with the environment, family life, social customs, etc. of the people living in different parts of the country; developing understanding of the common historical and cultural heritage of the country.

About National Foundation for Communal Harmony

  • The NFCH is an autonomous organization under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • The main objective of the Foundation is to provide assistance to the children / youth rendered orphan / destitute in communal, caste, ethnic or terrorist violence for their rehabilitation besides promoting communal harmony and national integration through various activities.
  • The NFCH sponsors/conducts different activities for the promotion of communal harmony and strengthening of national integration.

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