PIB ANALYSIS FOR UPSC CSE
- National Fisheries Development Board / Blue Revolution
- National School of Drama
- National Culture Fund
- Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC) Scheme
- ELISA Kits
- E- Mobility Programme
- Web Wonder Women Campaign
- Facts for Prelims
- DNA Technology Regulation Bill
1 . Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries
What is Blue Revolution
- Blue Revolution, the Neel Kranti Mission has the vision to achieve economic prosperity of the country and the fishers and fish farmers as well as contribute towards food and nutritional security through full potential utilization of water resources for fisheries development in a sustainable manner, keeping in view the bio-security and environmental concerns.
- Creating an enabling environment for integrated development of the full potential of fisheries of the country, alongwith substantially improvement in the income status of fishers and fish farmers keeping in view the sustainability, bio-security and environmental concerns.
- To fully tap the total fish potential of the country both in the inland and the marine sector and triple the production by 2020.
- To transform the fisheries sector as a modern industry with special focus on new technologies and processes
- To double the income of the fishers and fish farmers with special focus on increasing productivity and better marketing postharvest infrastructure including e-commerce and other technologies and global best innovations
- To ensure inclusive participation of the fishers and fish farmers in the income enhancement
- To triple the export earnings by 2020 with focus on benefits flow to the fishers and fish farmers including through institutional mechanisms in the cooperative, producer companies and other structures
- To enhance food and nutritional security of the country
Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries
- The Central Sector Scheme covers development and management of inland fisheries, aquaculture, marine fisheries including deep sea fishing, mariculture and all activities undertaken by the National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) towards realizing Blue Revolution.
The scheme has the following six broad components:
- National Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) and its activities,
- Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture,
- Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post Harvest Operations,
- Strengthening of Database & Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector,
- Institutional Arrangement for Fisheries Sector and
- Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) and other need-based Interventions.
- The scheme provides for suitable linkages and convergence with the “Sagarmala Project” of the Ministry of Shipping, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNAREGA), RashtriyaKrishiVikasYojana (RKVY), National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) etc.
- The Central Sector Scheme aims at a focussed and integrated approach for development and management of fisheries and aquaculture sector to ensure a sustained annual growth rate of 6% – 8% as against an overall annual growth rate of about 4% during the 11th Five Year Plan period.
- The scheme with its multi-dimensional activities, focuses mainly on increasing production and productivity from aquaculture and fisheries resources, both inland and marine. The scheme is intended to utilise most of the unutilised fisheries resources keeping in view the overall sustainability, bio-security and environmental concerns.
- Scheme provides to encourage economically weaker sections such as Scheduled Castes(SCs), Scheduled Tribes(STs), Women and their co-operatives to take up fishing and fisheries related activities.
- The scheme would also encourage increasing private investment, entrepreneurship development, more Public Private Partnership (PPP) and better leveraging of institutional finance. Besides, the scheme encompasses skill development and capacity building in fisheries and allied activities; and creation of post-harvest and cold chain infrastructure facilities.
- The Central Sector Scheme will be implemented in all the States including North East States and Union Territories.
2 . National School of Drama
A proposal to declare NSD as an Institution of National Importance is under consideration of the Government: Dr. Mahesh Sharma
About National School of Drama
- The National School of Drama is one of the foremost theatre training institutions in the world and the only one of its kind in India.
- It was set up by the Sangeet Natak Akademi as one of its constituent units in 1959.
- In 1975, it became an independent entity and was registered as an autonomous organization under the Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860, fully financed by the Ministry of Culture, Government of India.
3 . National Culture Fund
About 68.86 Crores of funds collected in NCF
About National Culture Fund
- The aim of National Culture Fund (NCF) is to establish and nurture partnerships in the field of Culture and Heritage between private and public sectors, government, non-government agencies, private institutions and foundations and mobilize resources for the restoration, conservation, protection and development of India’s rich, natural, tangible and intangible heritage.
Major objectives of NCF
- to administer and apply the Fund for conservation, maintenance, promotion, protection, preservation and up gradation of monuments protected or otherwise;
- for the training and development of a cadre of specialists and cultural administrators
- for innovations and experiments in arts
- for documentation of cultural expressions and forms that have lost their relevance in contemporary scenario and are either fading out or facing extinction.
4 . Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC) Scheme
- The main objective of Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC) Scheme is to have an effective mechanism to handle cybercrimes against women and children in the country.
- Main features of the scheme are given below:
- Online cybercrime reporting platform
- One national level cyber forensic laboratory
- Training of Police officers, judges & prosecutors
- Cybercrime awareness activities
- Research & Development
5 . ELISA Kits
Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh releases recombinant ELISA kits
What is an ELISA test?
- The Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) is a technique used to detect antibodies or infectious agents in a sample.
- Antibodies are made in response to infection and so an antibody ELISA can indicate whether or not an animal has been in contact with a certain virus. An antigen ELISA can tell whether an animal is infected with a virus by detecting it directly.
About the Release
- Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Radha Mohan Singh today released recombinant Enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) kits: one for Glanders and other for Equine Infectious Anaemia.
- Both these diseases are notifiable diseases in India and require special diagnosis for control and eradication in the country.
- Glanders is a fatal infectious and notifiable disease of equines including horses, donkeys and mules.The disease is caused by a bacterium known as Burkholderia mallei and has zoonotic potential.The organism is also considered as potential bio-weapon and categorized under ‘Tier 1 Select Agent’.
- After continuous research efforts of more than eight years, National Research Centre on Equines (NRCE) has been able to develop a recombinant Hcp1 antigen ELISA as an alternate to complement-fixation test (CFT). The ELISA has been duly validated in India and the OIE Reference Laboratory, Germany and showed excellent sensitivity (97.2%) and specificity (99.6%). This technology has been transferred to eight State Disease Diagnostic Laboratories following approval of DADF, Ministry of Agriculture & Family Welfare and commercialized for transformation into ready to use kit. This ELISA has a huge potential of international commercialization as recombinant protein-based ELISA is not available in any other country. This technology will prove to be a milestone in the control and eradication of glanders from India.
- Equine infectious anaemia (EIA) is a chronic, debilitating and persistent infectious disease of equines caused by a retrovirus. It is an OIE notifiable disease.
- NRCE has also developed recombinant p26 protein-based ELISA as an alternative to Coggin’s test. This technology will provide sustainable and homogeneous source of antigen and harmonized protocol to ensure regular surveillance of EIA. Both kits are highly economical as compare to imported kits.
6 . E- Mobility Programme
Department of Economic Affairs (DEA), Ministry of Finance adopts E-Mobility Programme ;
The Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley launches the induction of 15 Electric Vehicles in DEA;
Department is expected to save over 36,000 Litres of fuel every year besides leading to reduction of over 440 tonnes of CO2 annually
What is National E-Mobility Programme
- The Programme aims to provide an impetus to the entire e-mobility ecosystem including vehicle manufacturers, charging infrastructure companies, fleet operators, service providers, etc.
- The Programme will be implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) which will aggregate demand by procuring electric vehicles in bulk to get economies of scale. These electric vehicles will replace the existing fleet of petrol and diesel vehicles.
- EESL had procured 10,000 e-vehicles last year and will issue a new tender very soon for 10,000 more e-vehicles to cater to the growing demand. With these 20,000 electric cars, India is expected to save over 5 crore litres of fuel every year leading to a reduction of over 5.6 lakh tonnes of annual CO2 emission.
- Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), under the Ministry of Power, Government of India, is working towards mainstreaming energy efficiency and is implementing the world’s largest energy efficiency portfolio in the country.
- Driven by the mission of Enabling More – more efficiency, more innovation, EESL aims to creating market access for efficient and future ready transformative solutions that create a win-win situation for every stakeholder.
- Thus far, EESL has distributed over 29 crore LED bulbs and retrofitted 50 lakh LED streetlights across India through self-sustaining commercial models. EESL aims to leverage this implementation experience and exploit new opportunities in overseas market for diversification of its portfolio. As on date, EESL has begun its operations in UK, South Asia and South-East Asia.
7 . Web Wonder Women Campaign
Women and Child Development Ministry launches “Web- Wonder Women” Campaign
- The Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, has launched an online campaign, ‘#www : Web- WonderWomen’.
- The Campaign aims to discover and celebrate the exceptional achievements of women, who have been driving positive agenda of social change via social media.
- Through the campaign, the Ministry and the Campaign’s Partners aim to recognize the fortitude of Indian women stalwarts from across the globe who have used the power of social media to run positive & niche campaigns to steer a change in society.
- This Campaign will recognize and acknowledge the efforts of these meritorious Women.
8 . Facts for Prelims
- Line of Actual Control – Boundary between India and China
- Line of Control – Boundary separating parts of Kashmir controlled by India and Pakistan
9 . DNA Technology Bill
- Covered under Daily Current Affairs – DNA Technology Bill