PIB Analysis : Date 29th and 30th December


Topics Covered

  1. One District One Product
  2. International Rice Research Institute
  3. Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) 

1 . One District One Product

PM in Varanasi:
Dedicates Campus of IRRI to the nation
Addresses “One District, One Product” regional summit

About One District One Product Scheme

  • One District One Product Scheme is aimed at creating product-specific traditional industrial hubs across 75 districts of Uttar Pradesh that will promote traditional industries that are synonymous with the respective districts of the state.
  • ODOP scheme is inspired by the One village one product scheme successfully implemented initially in Japan and the in other countries.

Objectives of the One District One Product Scheme

  • Preservation and development of local crafts / skills and promotion of the art.
  • Increase in the incomes and local employment (resulting in decline in migration for employment).
  • Improvement in product quality and skill development.
  • Transforming the products in an artistic way (through packaging, branding).
  • To connect the production with tourism (Live demo and sales outlet – gifts and souvenir).
  • To resolve the issues of economic difference and regional imbalance.
  • To take the concept of ODOP to national and international level after successful implementation at State level.

Some Indigenous Products of UP

  • There are products in UP that are found nowhere else – like the ancient and nutritious ‘Kala namak’ rice, the rare and intriguing wheat-stalk craft, world-famous chikankari and zari-zardozi work on clothes, and the intricate and stunning horn and bone work that uses the remains of dead animals rather than live ones, a nature-friendly replacement for ivory.

2 . International Rice Research Institute

PM in Varanasi:
Dedicates Campus of IRRI to the nation
Addresses “One District, One Product” regional summit

About the Release

  • Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi inaugurated IRRI South Asia Regional Centre (IRRI SARC) in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • This research facility will strengthen the national research capacity of rice-growing countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Delivering advanced research, teaching and services to improve crop production, seed quality and the nutritional value of rice, the centre will also work with national partners to enhance farmers’ knowledge and income.
  • IRRI SARC facilities include the Centre of Excellence in Rice Value Addition (CERVA), a suite of modern laboratories where rice grains are assessed for quality and nutritional value and sensory evaluations for grain taste, texture, and aroma are conducted; on-site facilities. The education and training arm of IRRI SARC, IRRI Education, will teach scientists and agriculture leaders about the latest technologies and innovations for sustainable farming; and laboratories for digital crop monitoring and assessment, and demonstration fields where variety testing is conducted

About IRRI

  • IRRI aims to improve livelihoods and nutrition, abolishing poverty, hunger, and malnutrition among those who depend on rice-based agri-food systems. In doing so, IRRI’s work protects the health of rice farmers and consumers, and the environmental sustainability of rice farming in a world challenged by climate change. IRRI’s work promotes the empowerment of women and supports opportunities for youth in an equitable agri-food system.

Innovation custodian

  • IRRI is the custodian of extraordinary genetic resources in the International Rice Genebank—one of the premiere gene banks in the world.
  • Second, IRRI is custodian of genetic populations and breeding germplasm that fuel varietal development across the globe.
  • Third, IRRI has a powerful suite of production system technologies and knowledge transfer programs that scale to benefit rice farming productivity and profitability.

3 . Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) 

India submits Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) 

Convention of Biological Diversity

  • The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international legally-binding treaty with three main goals: conservation of biodiversity; sustainable use of biodiversity; fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. Its overall objective is to encourage actions, which will lead to a sustainable future

Aichi Targets

In the COP-10 meeting, the parties agreed that previous biodiversity protection targets are not achieved, So we need to do comeup with new plans and targets.

  • The twenty headline Aichi Biodiversity Targets for 2015 or 2020 are organized under the five strategic goals. The goals and targets comprise both aspirations for achievement at the global level, and a flexible framework for the establishment of national or regional targets.

Strategic Goals

  • Strategic Goal A: Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society
  • Strategic Goal B: Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use 
  • Strategic Goal C: To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity 
  • Strategic Goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services 
  • Strategic Goal E: Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building

About the Report

  • Submission of national reports is a mandatory obligation on Parties to international treaties, including CBD. 
  • The National Report 6 (NR6) provides an update of progress in achievement of 12 National Biodiversity Targets (NBT) developed under the Convention process in line with the 20 global Aichi biodiversity targets. 
  • Briefly, the Report highlights that while India has exceeded/overachieved two NBTs, it is on track to achieve eight NBTs and in respect of the remaining two NBTs also, India is striving to meet the targets by the stipulated time of 2020.     
  • As a responsible nation, India has never reneged on its international commitments and has earlier submitted on time five National Reports to the CBD.
  • India is among the first five countries in the world, the first in Asia and the first among the biodiversity rich megadiverse countries to have submitted NR6 to the CBD Secretariat

Details of the Report

  • With well over 20 percent of its total geographical area under biodiversity conservation, India has exceeded the terrestrial component of 17 percent of Aichi target 11, and 20 percent of corresponding NBT relating to areas under biodiversity management.
  • Similarly, India has also made noteworthy achievement towards NBT  relating to access and benefit sharing (ABS) by operationalising the Nagoya Protocol on ABS. Having published the first internationally recognized certificate of compliance (IRCC) under the Protocol in 2015, India has since published nearly 75%  of the IRCCs published so far on ABS Clearing House. Thus, in respect of these two NBTs (6 and 9), the progress made by India has exceeded the targets.
  • India has done well on raising awareness about biodiversity, which is an important thrust area in several programmes of the Government.  As a megadiverse country harbouring nearly 7-8% of globally recorded species while supporting 18% of the global human population on a mere 2.4% of the world’s land area, India’s quest for inclusive economic development while maintaining integrity of its natural capital is being pursued through various programmes and strategies.  
  • Measures have been adopted for sustainable management of agriculture, fisheries and forests, with a view to provide food and nutritional security to all without destroying the natural resource base while ensuring intergenerational environmental equity.  Programmes are in place to maintain genetic diversity of cultivated plants, farms livestock and their wild relatives, towards minimising genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.  Mechanisms and enabling environment are being created for recognising and protecting the vast heritage of coded and oral traditional knowledge relating to biodiversity for larger human welfare while s

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