PIB Analysis : Date : 22nd and 23rd December


Topics Covered

  1. Unani Day
  2. Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR)
  3. Sardar Patel Award

1 . Unani Day

About Unani Day

  • 11th February, the birthday of Hakim Ajmal Khan, was adopted as Unani Day by the Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India in 2016 in recognition of his contribution as an eminent Indian Unani physician.
  • The Ministry of AYUSH also adopted a scheme for AYUSH Awards for Unani Medicine which has the provision of conferring 12 Awards each year in different categories – Best Research Paper Award, Young Scientist Award, Best Teacher Award, and Lifetime Achievement Award.
  • Unani Medicine has been playing an important role in public health especially in combating NCDs, lifestyle disorders and various chronic diseases by providing cost effective Unani treatment and quality products for patient healthcare.

About Hakim Ajmal Khan

  • Hakim Ajmal Khan, was a physician in Delhi, and one of the founders of the Jamia Millia Islamia University.
  • He also founded another institution, Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College, better known as Tibbia College, situated in Karol Bagh, Delhi.
  • Khan also headed the Muslim team who met the Viceroy of India in Shimla in 1906 and presented him with a memorandum written by the delegation.
  • The following year, he was present at the Dhaka inauguration of the All India Muslim League on 30 December 1906.
  • At a time when many Muslim leaders faced arrest, Khan approached Mahatma Gandhi for help, thereafter uniting with him and other Muslim leaders such as Maulana Azad, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jouhar and Maulana Shaukat Ali in the well-known Khilafat movement.
  • Khan was also the sole person elected to the Presidency of the Indian National Congress, the Muslim League and the All India Khilafat Committee.

2 . Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR)

Raksha Mantri Inaugurates Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR)


  • The Indian Ocean Region is vital to world trade and economic prosperity of many nations as more than 75% of the world’s maritime trade and 50% of global oil consumption passes through the IOR.
  • However, maritime terrorism, piracy, human and contraband trafficking, illegal and unregulated fishing, arms running and poaching pose myriad challenges to maritime safety and security in the region.
  • Response to these challenges requires enhanced situational awareness of the maritime activities in the region so as to enable security agencies function effectively.
  • However, the scale, scope and the multi-national nature of maritime activities, make it difficult for countries to address these challenges individually. Hence, collaborative efforts between maritime nations in the IOR, is essential.

About Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR)

  • Indian Navy has launched its Information Fusion Centre (IFC) that will share information on vessels of interest with other friendly nations.
  • Main aim of the IFC- IOR is to strengthen maritime security in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR)
  • IFC will function as a platform where multiple friendly nations can freely exchange non-sensitive information from maritime domain.
  • IFC is based at the Indian Navy’s Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) at Gurugram in the National Capital Region. IMAC is the single point centre on Indian Navy, linking all the coastal radar chains to generate a seamless real-time picture of the nearly 7,500km coastline.

3 . Sardar Patel Award

PM announces Sardar Patel Award for National Integration

  • The award would be given for outstanding efforts to further national integration.

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