PIB Analysis for UPSC CSE
- Faceless e-Assessment
- Ganga Aamantran, Chattogram and Mongla Ports, Green channel combination
1 . Faceless e-Assessment
Context : Faceless e-Assessment for income tax payers launched
About Faceless e-Assessment:
- Centre Government had recently notified e-Assessment scheme to facilitate faceless assessment of income tax returns through completely electronic communication between tax officials and tax payers.
- Under the new system of faceless e-Assessment, tax payers will receive notices on their registered emails as well as on registered accounts on the income tax web portal with real time alert by way of SMS on their registered mobile number, specifying the issues for which their cases have been selected for scrutiny.
- The replies to the notices can be prepared at ease by the tax payers at their own residence or office and be sent by email to the National e-Assessment Centre by uploading the same on the designated web portal.
- This new initiative of faceless assessment is expected to increase ease of compliance for taxpayers as the cost and anxiety of taxpayers are likely to be greatly reduced. No human interface with the Department would be a game changer. This is another initiative by CBDT in the field of ease of compliance for our tax payers.
Benefits of Faceless Assessment:
- NeAC eliminates human interface between Assessing Officer and Assessee
- New System optimises the utilisation of resources through economies of scale
- NeAC introduces team based assessment with dynamic jurisdiction
- Ease of compliance for taxpayers
- Brings transparency and efficiency, thus improves quality of assessment and monitoring
- Functional specialisation as only one agency dealing with faceless assessment
- Expeditious disposal of cases
- Standardisation and quality management
About National e-Assessment Centre (NeAC) :
- NeAC will be an independent office that will look after the work of e-Assessment scheme which is recently notified for faceless e-assessment for income tax payers.
- There would be a NeAC in Delhi to be headed by Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax (Pr.CCIT).
- There are 8 Regional e-Assessment Centres (ReAC) set up at Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata Ahmedabad, Pune, Bengaluru and Hyderabad which would comprise Assessment unit, Review unit, Technical unit and Verification units.
- Each ReAC will be headed by Chief Commissioner of Income Tax (CCIT). Cases for the specified work shall be assigned by the NeAC to different units by way of automated allocation systems.
- In view of the dynamic and all India jurisdiction of all officers of NeAC and ReAC, this kind of connective and collaborative effort of officers is likely to lead to better quality of assessments.
2 . E dantseva
Context : eDantseva website and mobile application, the first ever national digital platform on oral health information and knowledge dissemination was launched. The Union Health Minister also released the Braille booklet and Voice over on Oral Health Education for the visually impaired individuals, along with the oral health posters for pregnant women and children
- e-DantSeva contains information about the National Oral Health Program, detailed list of all the dental facility and colleges, Information, Education and Communication (IEC) material and a unique feature called the ‘Symptom Checker’, which provides information on symptoms of dental/oral health problems, ways to prevent these, the treatment modes, and also directs the user to find their nearest available dental facility (public and private sectors both).
- The website also provides GPRS route/images/satellite images of the facility for easier access to the general population.
- Braille is the primary reading method for the visually impaired people to access information and education independently. Dissemination of Printed Braille oral health books along with the voice-over among visually impaired individuals will provide them with the opportunity to read and hear about the essentials and importance of oral health.
- e-DantSeva will reach out to more than one billion people with one click in the form of a dedicated website and mobile application.
3 . Facts for Prelims
- The ‘Ganga Aamantran Abhiyan’ is a pioneering and historic exploratory open-water rafting and kayaking expedition on the Ganga River
- This is the first ever effort by National Mission for Clean Ganga to raft across the entire stretch of the river and also the longest ever social campaign undertaken through an adventure sporting activity to spread the message of River Rejuvenation and Water Conservation on a massive scale. The expedition will draw attention to the ecological challenges being faced by Ganga.
- The expedition will encompass the five Ganga basin states including Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal with stops at Rishikesh, Haridwar, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, Sonepur and Kolkata.
Chattogram and Mongla Ports
- Chattogram and Mongla Ports are in Bangladesh
- Three landlocked states of India viz. Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura will get access to open sea trade routes from Chattogram and Mongla ports via Indian ports. Tripura will be connected to Chattogram Port through the Maitree Setu on Feni river at Sabroom in South Tripura and Ramgarh in Bangladesh. While Agartala is 135 kms from Sabroom, Chattogram port is 75 kms from Sabroom.
Green Channel Combination
- Competition Commission of India (CCI), in August announced a “green channel” to expedite approval of mergers and acquisitions (M&As) that fall into certain categories.
- Under this route, the mere receipt of acknowledgment of a notification filed is sufficient to deem the transaction as approved by the CCI.
- In order to qualify for the green channel route mentioned in the 2019 amendments, the acquirer, other companies the acquirer has invested in and the target firm must not conduct businesses that are: Identical or similar; at a different stage in the production chain of the target company’s business, or; complementary.