PIB Analysis : 26th and 27th August

PIB Analysis for UPSC CSE

  1. Precision Approach Radars (PARs) 
  2. Broadband Initiatives
  3. C-DOT- XGSPON, C-Sat-Fi & CiSTB 
  4. Janaushadi sugam
  5. National Monuments Authority
  6. Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Awards

1 . Precision Approach Radars (PARs)

Context : A contract for installation and commissioning of nine Precision Approach Radars (PARs) was concluded today between Ministry of Defence and M/s Data Pattern (India) Pvt Ltd at a cost of Rs 380 crores under ‘Buy Indian’ category. The state-of-the-art radars incorporating latest Phased Array technology will be installed at Indian Naval Air Stations and Indian Air Force Stations.

About Precision Approach Radars

  • Precision Approach Radar (PAR) is a primary radar used at aerodromes for approach operations based on specific procedures for the pilot and the controller; however, the use of PARs for civil applications is rapidly decreasing. Precision Approach Radar offers the possibility of a safe landing even in poor visibility conditions. 
  • The radar is placed near the mid-point of the runway (at a distance up to 6.000 ft) and works remotely. The radar is particularly important in situations when the pilot has limited sight (because of fog, rain, etc.).
  • In this situation, the radar has to provide the approach controller with maximum quality radar display complemented by computer evaluation of speed, deviations from glide path (or glide slope) and course line, the distance from the previously approaching aircraft, etc.
  • Traffic controller provides highly accurate navigational guidance in azimuth and elevation to a pilot so that he can keep his aircraft aligned with the extended centreline of the runway. The accuracy of the radar permits lower minimum descent than a non-precision approach. Thus the pilot has a better chance of seeing the ship or airfield in bad weather conditions

2 . Broadband Inititatives

  • BharatNet – Providing 1 Gbps to Gram Panchayats upgradeable to 10 Gbps
  • GramNet – Connecting all key rural development institutions with 10 Mbps upgradeable to 100 Mbps
  • NagarNet – Establishing 1 Million public Wi-Fi Hotspots in urban areas
  • JanWiFi – Establishing 2 Million Wi-Fi Hotspots in rural areas

3 . C-DOT- XGSPON, C-Sat-Fi & CiSTB 

Centre for Development of Telematics

  • The Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) is the premier Telecom R&D centre of the Government of India
  • It was established in 1984 with initial mandate of designing and developing digital exchanges.


  • C-DOT’s XGSPON (10 G Symmetrical Passive Optical Network) is an effective solution to fulfil the rapidly increasing demands of high network speeds emanating from the new dimensions of user applications like IPTV, HD Video Streaming, Online Gaming and host of other cloud based services that necessitate the seamless availability of high bandwidth.

C-Sat-Fi &

  • C-Sat-Fi technology of C-DOT will empower Indian People especially in rural and remote areas as telephone and Wi-Fi facilities will be available in all corners of the country on any mobile phone. He said that the new technology will bring people in remote areas to mainstream by connecting them through satellites, where fiber is difficult to be laid and internet is not available.


  • C-DOT’s Interoperable Set Top Box (CiSTB) will prove to be a boon to the dissatisfied customers who cannot change their Cable TV operator in view of the recurring costs of setting and installing the physical infrastructure afresh. Based on a portable smart card like a mobile SIM, this solution will revolutionize the experience of the Cable TV operators by offering them a high degree of choice, ease and convenience without having to replace the once installed STB.

4 . Janaushadi sugam

Context : Union Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers, Shri D.V. Sadananda Gowda launched a mobile application “Janaushadhi Sugam” and had announced that “Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Oxo-Biodegradable Sanitary Napkin” will now be available at only One Rupee per pad.

About Janaushadi Sugam Mobile App

  • Janaushadhi Sugam” mobile application would have user-friendly options like- to locate nearby Janaushadhikendra, direction guidance for location of the Janaushadhikendra through Google Map, search Janaushadhi generic medicines, analyse product comparison of Generic vs Branded medicine in form of MRP & overall Savings, etc.
  • The mobile application is available on both Android & iOS platforms. 

About Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Oxo-Biodegradable Sanitary Napkin

  • The Government of India launched “Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Oxo-Biodegradable Sanitary Napkin” at Rs 2.50 per pad on the eve of the World Environment Day 4thJune 2018.
  • Jan Aushadhi Suvidha comes with a special additive, which makes it biodegradable when it comes in contact with oxygen after being discarded.
  • In order to make these sanitary pads more affordable and accessible to the women of India, Government of India has now decided to make these pads available at rate of only Rs 1.00/- per pad 
  • It will ensure the health security for the section of Indian women who still use unhygienic aids during menstrual period due to non-affordability of sanitary pads available in the market. This will ensure ‘Swachhta, Swasthya and Suvidha’ for the underprivileged women of the country. 

5 . National Monument Authority

About National Monument Authority

  • National Monuments Authority (NMA) under the Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India has been setup as per provisions of The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains AMASR (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010 which was enacted in March, 2010.
  • Formed in 2010 with the enactment of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (AMASR), the NMA has been tasked with coming up with heritage by-laws for protected monuments in the country.

Functions & Powers of NMA

  • Make recommendations to the Central Government for grading and classifying protected monuments and protected areas declared as of national importance under sections 3 and 4, before the commencement of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010.
  • Make recommendations to the Central Government for grading and classifying protected monuments and protected areas which may be declared after the commencement of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010, as of national importance under section 4;
  • Oversee the working of the competent authorities;
  • To suggest measures for implementation of the provisions of this Act;
  • To consider the impact of large-scale development projects, including public projects and projects essential to the public which may be proposed in the regulated areas and make recommendations in respect thereof to the competent authority;
  • To make recommend actions to the competent authority for grant of permission.


  • The Act provides for NMA to be constituted with a Chairperson and up to 5 Whole Time and 5 Part Time Members each and a Member Secretary. DG ASI is an ex officio Member.

6 . Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Awards

About the Awards

  • Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Awards are given every year to recognize the achievements of persons in the fields of adventure, to encourage young people to develop the spirit of endurance, risk–taking, cooperative teamwork and quick, ready and effective reflexes in challenging situations and to provide incentive to the young people for getting exposed to the adventure activities.
  • The award is given in four categories namely, Land Adventure, Water Adventure, Air Adventure and Life Time Achievement.

Leave a comment

error: Content is protected !! Copying and sharing on Social media / websites will invite legal action