PIB Analysis 24/1/2019

PIB Analysis for UPSC CSE

Topics Covered

  1. Voters Day
  2. Biojet Fuels
  3. INS Kohassa
  4. Jan Shikshan Sansthan

1 . Voters Day

9thNational Voters’ Day to be celebrated on 25th January 2019

About Voter’s Day

  • The National Voters’ Day (NVD) is celebrated all over the country on January 25 every year since 2011 to mark the Foundation day of Election Commission of India, which was established on 25th January 1950.
  • The main purpose of the NVD celebration is to encourage, facilitate and maximize the enrollment, especially for the new voters.
  • Dedicated to the voters of the country, the Day is utilized to spread awareness among voters for promoting informed participation in the electoral process

2 . Biojet Fuel

Test and Certification Agency clears Biojet fuel for Aircraft

About the Release

  • After months of exhaustive ground and flight trials, the indigenous produced bio-fuel has been finally cleared for use by the premier airworthiness certification agency of the country.
  • Any hardware or software which is to be used on Indian military aircraft, including those operated by Indian Navy or Army has to be cleared for use by Centre for Military Airworthiness and Certification (CEMILAC) before being inducted for regular use. This clearance is a major step for continued testing and eventual full certification of the bio-jet fuel for use on a commercial scale by civil aircraft as well.
  • On being completely satisfied with the performance parameters, the agency has formally granted its approval for use of this fuel, produced from non-conventional source i.e. non-edible vegetable/ tree borne oil to be used on military aircraft. The bio-jet fuel has been produced from seeds of Jatropha plant sourced from Chhattisgarh and processed at CSIR-IIP’s lab at Dehradun.
  • Increased demand of bio-jet fuel would give impetus to increase in collection of tree-borne non-edible oil seeds, which, in turn, will help generate ancillary income, increase remuneration for tribal and marginal farmers, and enthuse cultivation/ collection of oilseeds.

3 . INS Kohassa

INS Kohassa – a New Bird’s Nest in the Andamans

About INS Kohassa

  • Naval Air Station (NAS) Shibpur was commissioned as INS Kohassa
  • INS Kohassa has been named after a White-Bellied Sea Eagle, which is a large bird of prey, endemic to Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • NAS Shibpur was established in 2001 as a Forward Operating Air Base (FOAB) for enhanced surveillance in North Andaman.
  • The close proximity of Coco Islands (Myanmar) and wide expanse of Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) makes the base a very vital asset
  • NAS Shibpur was identified by NITI Aayog as one of the ‘Early Bird’ project as part of holistic island development. Towards this, IN has been ready in all respects to facilitate civil flight operations from NAS Shibpur

4 . Jan Shikshan sansthan

Shri Dharmendra Pradhan launches new reforms, guidelines to strengthen Jan Shikshan Santhans (JSS) 

About Jan Shikshan Sansthans

  • Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs) are established to provide vocational training to non-literate, neo-literate, as well as school drop outs by identifying skills as would have a market in the region of their establishment.

Scope of Work

  • Develop/ Source appropriate curriculum and training modules covering vocational elements general awareness and life enrichment components.
  • Wherever possible, JSS are encouraged to undertake
  • Training equivalent to courses designed by the Directorate of Adult education, National Institute of Open Schooling and Director General Employment & Training.
  • Provide training to a pool of resource persons and master trainers for conducting training as also availability of infrastructure and training – specific equipment.
  • Administer simple tests and award certificates
  • Network with employers and industries for trainees to get suitable placements.

New Guidelines

  • Alignment of JSS course and curriculum to National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) to standardize training
  • Decentralization of powers for JSSs- giving more accountability and independence to district administration
  • To identify and promote traditional skills in the district through skilling / upskilling;
  • Evidence based assessment system
  • Easy Online certification
  • Linking JSS to PFMS (Public Finance Management system) maintaining transparency and accountability of the ecosystem
  • Creating livelihood linkages
  • Training of Trainers to develop the capacity through NSTIs (National Skills Training Institutes)

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