PIB ANALYSIS FOR UPSC CSE
- Guru Ravidas
- Emergency Response Support System
- Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences (ITSSO)
- Safe City Implementation Monitoring (SCIM) portal
- International Vision Zero Conference
- One Health India Conference
1 . Guru Ravidas
About Guru Ravidas
- Guru Ravidas was a North Indian mystic poet-sant of the bhakti movement during the 14th to 16th century CE He was a poet-saint, social reformer and a spiritual figure.
- He belonged to an untouchable caste and suffered a lot of atrocities as a result however , the saint chose to focus on spiritual pursuits and also penned several devotional songs which made a huge impact in the Bhakti movement during the 14th to 16th century CE.
- He is considered as the founder of 21st-century Ravidassia religion, by a group who previously were associated with Sikhism
- Ravidas’ devotional songs were included in the Sikh Scriptures, Guru Granth Sahib
- Guru Ravidas Jayanti is celebrated on Magh Purnima, which is the full moon day in the Hindu calendar month of Magha.
Guru Ravidas Teachings
- Guru Ravidas spoke against the caste divisions and spoke of removing them to promote unity.
- The Adi Granth of Sikhs, in addition to the Panchvani are the two of the oldest documented sources of the literary works of Guru Ravidas.
- His teachings resonated with the people, leading to a religion being born called the Ravidassia religion, or Ravidassia Dharam based on his teachings.
- He taught about the omnipresence of God and said that a human soul is a particle of God and hence Ravidas rejected the idea that people considered lower caste cannot meet God. he said in his teachings that the only way to meet God was to free the mind from the duality.
2 . Emergency Response Support System
Emergency Response Support System (ERSS)
- The Union Home Minister will launch the Emergency Response Support System (ERSS).
- The ERSS is a pan-India single number (112) based response system for persons in distress. A citizen may use the following methods to access the emergency services:
- Dial 112 from phone
- Press power button on smart phone 3 time quickly to activate panic call to ERC.
- In case of feature phone, long press of “5” or “9” key on the phone will activate the panic call.
- Log onto ERSS website for the State and lodge emergency
- Email SOS alert to State ERC
- Use 112 India Mobile App, which is available free on Google Playstore and Apple store.
- Under this system, all the states have to set up a dedicated Emergency Response Centre (ERC).
- It will have a team of trained Call-takers and Dispatchers to handle emergency requests relating to assistance from Police, Fire & Rescue, Health and other emergency services.
- Police can view all events after an Emergency call is made at the ERC. The ERCs are connected to District Command Centres (DCC) and the Emergency Response Vehicles, and assistance/response to victims are facilitated through them.
- ERSS is designed to be a common protocol managed by each State/UT. ERSS also provides a 112 India mobile App for making distress calls by any person. For Women and children, 112 India App provides a special SHOUT feature which alerts registered volunteers in the vicinity of victim for immediate assistance.
- The Central Government is funding Rs.321.69 crore to the States/UTs for ERSS as part of Nirbhaya scheme project.
- The service has already been launched in Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
3 . Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences (ITSSO)
- The Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences (ITSSO) is an online module available to law enforcement agencies at all levels- National, State, District and Police Station that allows State to undertake real-time monitoring and management for completion of investigation in rape cases in 2 months.
- It leverages the existing CCTNS data base, which covers nearly 15000 police stations in the country. ITSSO would greatly strengthen States ability for analytics and prognosis for timely investigation and prosecution in rape cases.
- The Criminal Law Amendment in April 2018 prescribes stringent penal provisions including death penalty for rape of a girl below the age of 12 years.
- For swift administration of justice in such cases, the Act also inter-alia mandates completion of investigation and trials within 2 months.
- To enhance women safety in the country, Government has formulated a multi-pronged action plan and initiated a series of measures. ITSSO is one of such measures developed by MHA towards Smart Policing.
4 .Safe City Implementation Monitoring (SCIM) portal
About the Release
- In order to instill sense of security in women in metro cities, Government has identified eight cities for implementation of Safe City projects in first phase at a cost of Rs.2,919 crore.
- The cities are Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Lucknow & Mumbai.
- The projects are funded under Nirbhaya Fund scheme.
- The projects have been prepared jointly by Municipal bodies and City Police and reflect integrated action for safety of women.
- Safe City projects involves creation of on-ground assets, resources & behaviour change programs for safety of women. The projects will supplement existing assets and meet citizen demands for safe eco-system for women in these cities.
Important features of the Safe City projects
- Identification of crime Hot-spots in each city.
- Saturating such Hot-spots with increased CCTV surveillance.
- Automated Number Plate Reading (ANPR) and drone-based surveillance also being deployed in few cities as per requirement.
- Setting up women police out-posts for facilitating ease of access by any aggrieved woman to report incidence or seek assistance.
- Patrols by Women police in vulnerable areas.
- Setting up Women Help Desks in Police Stations with facility for trained Counsellors.
- Augmentation of existing women support centers like Asha Jyoti Kendra or Bharosa centers etc.
- Implementing Safety measures in buses, including Cameras.
- Improving Street Lighting in identified Hot Spot areas.
- Setting up Toilets for women.
- Undertaking social awareness programmes on women safety and gender sensitivity.
Safe City Implementation Monitoring (SCIM) portal
- All the above measures would be coordinated through an Integrated Smart Control Room in the city.
- In order to facilitate States to monitor and manage the Safe City projects and avoid duplication on ground, an online Safe City Implementation Monitoring (SCIM) portal has been developed by MHA which will also be launched tomorrow.
- SCIM will facilitate online tracking of deployment of assets and infrastructure created under the Safe City projects.
- SCIM facilitates an evidence based online monitoring system. SCIM also creates a digital repository of assets, infrastructure and social outreach programs, as well as best practices achieved in each City.
5 . Vision Zero Conference
Context : Three days Conference on the VISION ZERO and its relevance to Occupational Safety and Health being held from 18th to 20th, February, 2019 in Mumbai. The Conference has been organized by Directorate General Factory Advice and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI), Ministry of Labour and Employment, German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV), Germany in association with Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay and International Social Security Association – Manufacturing, Construction and Mining.
About Vision Zero Concept
- The concept of Vision Zero is based on four fundamental principles viz. life is non-negotiable, humans are fallible, tolerable limits are defined by human physical resistance, and people are entitled to safe transport and safe workplaces.
- The Vision is based on principles of Controlling Risks, Ensuring Safety and Health in Machines, Equipment and Workplaces and Skill Upgradation of Workforce.
- The concept of ‘Vision Zero’ is fast gaining international acceptance and is expected to leverage the efforts of the Government of India to raise the occupational safety and health standards in the country so as to improve the occupational safety and health situation.
About the Conference
- The participants attending the conference from various sectors across a wide variety of industries are expected to be benefitted by the common platform provided by the conference through sharing of best practices both nationally and internationally.
- On the other hand, the international community will get an appraisal of the occupational safety and health status in India thereby exposing the Indian industrial occupational safety and health scenario to the international community.
- The conference provides a forum for promoting safety and health at work by exchanging knowledge, practices and experience. Experts in the field of Occupational Safety and Health reinforce and build networks and alliances while laying the groundwork for cooperation and strengthening relationships.
- More than 1200 national and international delegates comprising of occupational safety and health professionals from the manufacturing, mining and construction sectors had participated in the conference.
6 . One Health India Conference
About the Conference
- The main objective of the conference is to formulate a roadmap for the response, preparedness, and management of current regional, national and global health challenges using a One Health collaborative approach.
- It is known that 60% of human diseases are of animal origin and many of them have developed resistance to major antibiotics in nature and share the ecosystems they live and infect animal and humans.
- Therefore, the conference deliberations are focused on identifying needs and opportunities and developing a strategy map to addressing major human and animal diseases of concern including Brucellosis, Tuberculosis, Anthrax, Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), together with biosafety, biosecurity, burden of disease and inter-sectoral collaboration considerations.
- The conference is bringing together thought-leaders from India and around the globe, providing a platform for researchers, medical and veterinary practitioners, public and private sector stakeholders, and policymakers to integrate knowledge and identify needs and opportunities to better coordinate activities and address major human, animal, and environmental health challenges.