PIB Analysis for UPSC CSE
- National Crime Records Bureau
- PINAKA Guided Weapons
- National Knowledge Network
- Nice Agreement, Locarno Agreement and Vienna Agreement
- Article 240
- Ex Al Nagah 2019
1 . National Crime Records Bureau
Context : National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) will celebrate its 34th Inception Day tomorrow on March 11, 2019 here today
About National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
- Formed in 1986, NCRB is mandated to empower the Indian Police with Information Technology and is responsible for collecting, maintaining and analysing the crime data of the country. It facilitates Investigating Officers with updated IT tools and information in Investigation of Crimes.
- NCRB is the Nodal Agency for authentic source of data on crime, accidents, suicides, and prisons for policy matters and research.
- Bureau is also apex nodal agency for all Finger Print related matters including accreditation of Finger Print Experts in the country.
- Bureau is implementing & monitoring agency for implementation of Crime & Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS), a Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Plan of Government of India. The project aims at creating a comprehensive and integrated system for enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of policing in the country.
2 . PINAKA Guided Weapons
Context : Defence Research and Defence Organisation (DRDO) successfully test fired the Guided PINAKA from Pokhran ranges.
About PINAKA Weapon System
- PINKAKA weapon system is equipped with state-of-the-art guidance kit comprising of an advanced navigation and control system.
- In both the missions, the weapon systems impacted the intended targets with high precision and achieved desired accuracies.
- Telemetry Systems tracked and monitored the vehicle all through the flight path. All the mission objectives have been met.
- The indigenously developed Guided Pinaka by DRDO will significantly boost the capability of the artillery to make precision hits.
3 . National Knowledge Network
Context : Knowledge Connectivity between India and Bangladesh. National Knowledge Network will connect scholars and research institutes in Bangladesh, to India and the world
- National Knowledge Network (NKN) project is aimed at establishing a strong and robust Indian network which will be capable of providing secure and reliable connectivity. Globally, frontier research and innovation are shifting towards multidisciplinary and collaborative paradigm and require substantial communication and computational power.
- In India, NKN with its multi-gigabit capability aims to connect all universities, research institutions, libraries, laboratories, healthcare and agricultural institutions across the country to address such paradigm shift.
- The leading mission oriented agencies in the fields of nuclear, space and defence research are also part of NKN. By facilitating the flow of information and knowledge, the network addresses the critical issue of access and creates a new paradigm of collaboration to enrich the research efforts in the country.
- The network design is based on a proactive approach that takes into account the future requirements and new possibilities that this infrastructure may unfold, both in terms of usage and perceived benefits. This will bring about a knowledge revolution that will be instrumental in transforming society and promoting inclusive growth.
- In order to improve access to knowledge, a need has been long felt in the country to establish a National Knowledge Network (NKN) inter-connecting all knowledge and research institutions in the country through a high bandwidth network.
- Globally, research & development activities and innovations are increasingly becoming multidisciplinary and collaborative, and require substantial communication/computational power.
- For India to emerge as a significant R&D hub, it has to become a part of this wave of collaboration and co-creation.
Role of NKN
- Establishing a high-speed backbone connectivity which will enable knowledge and information sharing amongst NKN connected institutes
- Enabling collaborative research, development and innovation amongst NKN connected institutes
- Facilitating advanced distance education in specialized fields like engineering, science, medicine etc.
- Facilitating an ultra-high speed e-governance backbone
- Facilitating connection between different sectoral networks in the field of research
4 . Nice Agreement, Locarno Agreement and Vienna Agreement
Context : The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the proposal for accession of India to Nice Agreement, Vienna Agreement, Locarno Agreement
- The Nice Agreement concerning the International classification of Goods and Services for the purposes of registration of marks,
- The Vienna Agreement establishing an International Classification of the figurative elements of marks
- The Locarno Agreement establishing an International classification for industrial designs.
- Accession to the Nice, Vienna and Locarno Agreements will help the Intellectual Property Office in India to harmonise the classification systems for examinational of trademark and design applications, in line with the classification systems followed globally.
- It would give an opportunity to include Indian designs, figurative elements and goods in the international classification systems.
- The accession is expected to instill confidence in foreign investors in relation to protection of IPs in India.
- The accession would also facilitate in exercising rights in decision making processes regarding review and revision of the classifications under the agreement.
5 . Article 240
Context : The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved Promulgation of the Daman and Diu Civil Courts (Amendment) Regulation, 2019 and the Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Civil Courts and Miscellaneous Provisions)Amendment Regulation, 2019 under Article 240 of the Constitution.
About Article 240
Power of President to make regulations for certain Union territories
The President may make regulations for the peace, progress and good government of the Union territory of
- the Andaman and Nicobar Islands;
- Dadra and Nagar Haveli;
- Daman and Diu;
- Pondicherry; Provided that when any body is created under Article 239A to function as a Legislature for the Union territories of Pondicherry, the President shall not make any regulation for the peace, progress and good government of that Union territory with effect from the date appointed for the first meeting of the Legislature: Provided further that whenever the body functioning as a Legislature for the Union territory of Pondicherry is dissolved, or the functioning of that body as such Legislature remains suspended on account of any action taken under any such law as is referred to in clause ( 1 ) of Article 239A, the President may, during the period of such dissolution or suspension, make regulations for the peace, progress and good government of that Union territory
(2) Any regulation so made may repeal or amend any Act made by Parliament or any other law which is for the time being applicable to the Union territory and, when promulgated by the President, shall have the same force and effect as an Act of Parliament which applies to that territory
- The move will be helpful in bringing uniformity in Judicial Service. It will also help overcome the difficulties being faced by the litigants in travelling to Mumbai for filing appeals due to existing limited pecuniary jurisdiction.
- Enhanced pecuniary jurisdiction will accelerate the justice delivery system, besides making access easier for litigants without having to travel outside the Union Territory.
6 . Ex Al Nagah 2019
About Ex Al Nagah 2019
- Indo Oman Joint Exercise Al Nagah III 2019 is a joint military exercise between Indian and Royal Army of Oman (RAO)
- The Indian Army and RAO contingents have been specifically selected for the exercise based on expertise and professional competence and will take part in the two-week-long event that will see them hone their tactical and technical skills in joint counter insurgency and counter terrorist operations in semi-urban scenario in mountainous terrain under UN mandate