PIB Analysis Date : 21/11/2018

PIB ANALYSIS FOR UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAM

TOPICS COVERED

  1. Border Road Organisation
  2. Institution’s Innovation Council
  3. National Mission for Clean Ganga, Namami Gange Programme, National Ganga River Basin Authority

1 . Border Road Organisation

DGBR Reviews Progress of Critical Roads in Border Areas 

About BRO

Vision

  • Nation’s most reputed, multifaceted, transnational, modern construction Organisation committed to meeting the strategic needs of the armed forces with enlightened leadership, a strong, skilled and committed work force, a well ingrained value system and a strong environment conscience. Playing a national role in socio economic development through its large scale contribution to infrastructure development.

Mission

  1. To support the armed forces meet their strategic needs by committed, dedicated and cost effective development and sustenance of the infrastructure.
  2. To achieve international levels of quality excellence and time consciousness in a diversified sphere of construction activity in a cost effective manner.
  3. Optimise potential and expertise through increased involvement in agency, transnational and national development projects.
  4. To attain leadership in development, adoption, assimilation and use of state of the art technology.
  5. To create the environment for accurate, real time and effective decision making through optimising use of information technology.
  6. Through a focus on core competencies; ensure highest level of skill and proficiency in construction activity.
  7. To sustain a sense of values in the Organisation that will ensure a high level of self esteem in each individual and immeasurable synergy in the Organisation
  8. To help enrich the quality of life of the community and ensure all round growth.

Role of the BRO

In Peace

  • Develop & Maintain  the Operational Road Infrastructure  of General Staff in  the Border Areas.
  • Contribute to the Socio-Economic Development of the Border States.

In War

  • To Develop & Maintain  Roads to Keep Line of Control through in Original Sectors and Re-Deployed Sectors.
  • To Execute Addl Tasks as laid down by the Govt Contributing to the War Effort.  

Controlling Ministry

  • BRO works under Ministry of Defence

2 . Institution’s Innovation Council

Union HRD Minister launches ‘Institution’s Innovation Council (IIC)’Program of MHRD’s Innovation Cell through video conferencing

  • Ministry of Human Resource Development has established an “Innovation cell” at AICTE with a purpose to systematically foster the culture of Innovation in all Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) across the country.
  • Purpose of formation of network of Institution’s Innovation Councils (IICs) is to encourage, inspire and nurture young students by exposing them to new ideas and processes resulting in innovative activities in their formative years.

3 . National Mission for Clean Ganga

NMCG approves composite Sewerage Projects in Agra to help save Taj and reduce pollution in Yamuna 
Namami Gange projects in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Himachal Pradesh worth Rs. 1573.28 Crore approved

  • National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG) was registered as a society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.
  • It acted as implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority(NGRBA) which was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA),1986.
  • NGRBA has since been dissolved with effect from the 7th October 2016, consequent to constitution of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (referred as National Ganga Council) 
  • The Act envisages five tier structure at national, state and district level to take measures for prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution in river Ganga and to ensure continuous adequate flow of water so as to rejuvenate the river Ganga as below; 
  1. National Ganga Council under chairmanship of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. 
  2. Empowered Task Force (ETF) on river Ganga under chairmanship of Hon’ble Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. 
  3. National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG). 
  4. State Ganga Committees and 
  5. District Ganga Committees in every specified district abutting river Ganga and its tributaries in the states.
  • NMCG has a two tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council and Executive Committee. Both of them are headed by Director General, NMCG.
  • Executive Committee has been authorized to accord approval for all projects up to Rs.1000 crore. Similar to structure at national level, State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) acts as implementing arm of State Ganga Committees.
  • Thus the newly created structure attempts to bring all stakeholders on one platform to take a holistic approach towards the task of Ganga cleaning and rejuvenation. 
  • The aims and objectives of NMCG is to accomplish the mandate of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) of :
  1. To ensure effective abatement of pollution and rejuvenation of the river Ganga by adopting a river basin approach to promote inter-sectoral co-ordination for comprehensive planning and management and 
  2. To maintain minimum ecological flows in the river Ganga with the aim of ensuring water quality and environmentally sustainable development.

Namami Gange Programme

  • Namami Gange Programme, is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in June 2014 with budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga
Magzter [CPS] IN

National Ganga River Basin Authority

Function and Power of NGRBA

  • National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) has started the Mission Clean Ganga with a changed and comprehensive approach to champion the challenges posed to Ganga through four different sectors, namely, of wastewater management, solid waste management, industrial pollution and river front development. 
  • NGRBA has been established through the Gazette notification of the Government of India in 2009 with the objectives of
  1. Ensuring effective abatement of pollution and conservation of the river Ganga by adopting a river basin approach to promote inter-sectoral co-ordination for comprehensive planning and management; and
  2. Maintaining environmental flows in the river Ganga with the aim of ensuring water quality and environmentally sustainable development. 
  • NGRBA is mandated to take up regulatory and developmental functions with sustainability needs for effective abatement of pollution and conservation of the river Ganga by adopting a river basin approach for comprehensive planning and management.
  • The Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation(MoWR, RD & GR) is the nodal Ministry for the NGRBA.
  • The authority is chaired by the Prime Minister and has as its members the Union Ministers concerned, the Chief Ministers of the States through which Ganga flows, viz., Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, among others.
  • This initiative is expected to rejuvenate the collective efforts of the Centre and the States for cleaning the river. 

 Powers & Functions

a)  Development of river basin management plan and regulation of activities aimed at prevention, control and abatement of pollution in the river Ganga to maintain its water quality, and to take such other measures relevant to river ecology and management in the Ganga Basin States. 
b)  Maintenance of minimum ecological flows in the river Ganga with the aim of ensuring water quality and environmentally sustainable development. 
c)  Measures necessary for planning, financing and execution of programmes for abatement of pollution in the river Ganga including augmentation of sewerage infrastructure, catchment area treatment, protection of flood plains, creating public awareness and such other measures for promoting environmentally sustainable river conservation. 
d)  Collection, analysis and dissemination of information relating to environmental pollution in the river Ganga. 
e)  Investigations and research regarding problems of environmental pollution and conservation of the river Ganga. 
f)  Creation of special purpose vehicles, as appropriate, for implementation of works vested with the Authority. 
g)  Promotion of water conservation practices including recycling and reuse, rain water harvesting, and decentralised sewage treatment systems. 
h)  Monitoring and review of the implementation of various programmes or activities taken up for prevention, control and abatement of pollution in the river Ganga, and 
i) Issuance of directions under section 5 of the Environment (Protection) Act 1986 (29 of 1986) for the purpose of exercising and performing all or any of the above functions and to take such other measures as the Authority deems necessary or expedient for achievement of its objectives. 
f)  The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 for the purpose of exercising and performing these functions and for achievement of its objectives. 

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