PIB ANALYSIS FOR UPSC CIVIL SERVICES EXAM
- GSLV MK III – D2 and GSAT 29
- Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme
- Atal Innovation Mission and Young Champions Award
1 . GSLV MK III and GSAT 29
India GSLV Mk III-D2 successfully launches GSAT-29
About GSLV MK III
- GSLV Mk III is a three-stage heavy lift launch vehicle developed by ISRO. The vehicle has two solid strap-ons, a core liquid booster and a cryogenic upper stage.
- GSLV Mk III is designed to carry 4 ton class of satellites into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) or about 10 tons to Low Earth Orbit (LEO), which is about twice the capability of GSLV Mk II.
- The two strap-on motors of GSLV Mk III are located on either side of its core liquid booster.
- Designated as ‘S200’, each carries 205 tons of composite solid propellant and their ignition results in vehicle lift -off. S200s function for 140 seconds.
- During strap-ons functioning phase, the two clustered Vikas liquid Engines of L110 liquid core booster will ignite 114 sec after lift -off to further augment the thrust of the vehicle.
- These two engines continue to function after the separation of the strap-ons at about 140 seconds after lift -off.
- The first experimental flight of LVM3, the LVM3-X/CARE mission lifted off from Sriharikota on December 18, 2014 and successfully tested the atmospheric phase of flight.
- Crew module Atmospheric Reentry Experiment was also carried out in this flight. The module reentered, deployed its parachutes as planned and splashed down in the Bay of Bengal.
- The first developmental flight of GSLV Mk III, the GSLV-Mk III-D1 successfully placed GSAT-19 satellite to a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) on June 05, 2017 from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota
About GSAT 29
- GSAT-29 satellite with a lift-off mass of 3423 kg, is a multi-beam, multiband communication satellite of India, configured around the ISRO’s enhanced I-3K bus. This is the heaviest satellite launched from India.
- GSAT-29 carries Ka/Ku-band high throughput communication transponders which will bridge the digital divide of users including those in Jammu & Kashmir and North Eastern regions of India.
- It also carries Q/V-band payload, configured for technology demonstration at higher frequency bands and Geo-stationary High Resolution Camera. carried onboard GSAT-29 spacecraft.
- An optical communication payload, for the first time, will be utilized for data transmission.
2 . ‘Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme
Union Agriculture Minister launches NCDC’s new scheme to promote young entrepreneurs in cooperatives
Rs 1000 crore CSIF fund has been created and has special incentive for cooperatives of North Eastern region, Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women/SC/ST/PwD members
About Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme
- National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has come up with a youth-friendly scheme ‘Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme” for attracting them to cooperative business ventures.
- NCDC has created a dedicated fund with liberal features enabling youth to avail the scheme.
- The scheme will be linked to Rs 1000 crore ‘Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund (CSIF)’ created by the NCDC.
- It would have more incentives for cooperatives of North Eastern region, Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women or SC or ST or PwD members.
- The funding for the project will be up to 80% of the project cost for these special categories as against 70% for others.
- The scheme envisages 2% less than the applicable rate of interest on term loan for the project cost up to Rs 3 crore including 2 years moratorium on payment of principal. All types of cooperatives in operation for at least one year are eligible.
- The NCDC has the unique distinction of being the sole statutory organisation functioning as an apex financial and developmental institution exclusively devoted to cooperative sector.
- It supports cooperatives in diverse fields apart from agriculture and allied sectors.
- It is an ISO 9001:2015 compliant organisation and has a distinctive edge of competitive financing. It has extended financial assistance of Rs 63702.61 crore during 2014-2018 (as on November 13), 220% more than Rs 19850.6 during 2010-14.
3 . Atal Innovation Mission
Atal Innovation Mission
- Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) including Self-Employment and Talent Utilization (SETU) is Government of India’s endeavour to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship.
- Its objective is to serve as a platform for promotion of world-class Innovation Hubs, Grand Challenges, Start-up businesses and other self-employment activities, particularly in technology driven areas.
The Atal Innovation Mission shall have two core functions:
- Entrepreneurship promotion through Self-Employment and Talent Utilization, wherein innovators would be supported and mentored to become successful entrepreneurs
- Innovation promotion: to provide a platform where innovative ideas are generated
UNICEF- Atal Tinkering Lab Young Champion Awards
- NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) and UNICEF India, have come together on Children’s Day, to provide an open platform to young children of India, to contribute towards sustainable development.
- Last year, AIM’s Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL) had launched a six month long nationwide challenge called the Atal Tinkering Marathon, across six different thematic areas, namely, clean energy, water resources, waste management, healthcare, smart mobility and agri-technology.
- The awards were presented to the top six most innovative solutions from across the country, which were shortlisted through the Atal Tinkering Marathon.